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Brief story of CONACYT

Brief story of CONACYT

The National Council on Science and Technology (CONACYT) was created by the willingness of the Congress (H. Congreso de la Unión) on December 29th 1970, as a public and decentralized organism of the Public Federal Administration, member of the education sector, with legal personality and with its own endowment. It is also responsible of the elaboration of science and technology policies in Mexico. Since its creation and until 1999, two reforms and one law to coordinate and promote scientific and technologic development were presented, and on June 5th 2002 the new Science and Technology Law was promulgated.

 Since its creation, CONACYT has been conducted by the following public administrators:

  • Ing. Eugennio Méndez Docurro, 1971 1972
  • Dr. Gerardo Bueno Zirion, 1973 1976
  • Dr. Edmundo Flores Flores, 1977 1982
  • Dr. Hector Mayagoita Domínguez, 1983 1988
  • Dr. José Gerstl Valenzuela, 1988 1988
  • Dr. Manuel V. Ortega Ortega, 1989 1990
  • Dr. Fausto Alzati Araiza, 1991 1994
  • Lic. Carlos Bazdresch Parada, 1995 2000
  • Ing. Jaime Parada Ávila, 2001 2005
  • Dr. Gustavo Chapela Castañares, 2005 2006
  • Mtro. Juan Carlos Romero Hicks, 2007 2011
  • Dr. José Enrique Villa Rivera, 2011 up to this days
Which is our goal?

Our goal is to consolidate a National System of Science and Technology that responds to the country’s priority demands, gives solution to specific problems and needs, and that contributes to raise the standard of living and the social welfare state. To do so, it’s required:

  • Have a specialized State policy. 
  • Increase the country’s scientific and technologic capacity. 
  • Increase quality, competitiveness and innovation in enterprises.
Which course should be followed?
  • Encourage the country’s scientific and technologic development, giving support to quality scientific research. 
  • Stimulate links between productive processes and academy. 
  • Promote technological innovation in enterprises. 
  • Impulse the education of high level human resources.
 Which is our 2025 vision?

Our Mission 
Impulse and strengthen scientific development and technologic modernization in Mexico, by the high level human resources, promotion and impulse of specific research projects and the communication of science and technology information.

Our Vision 
CONACYT will contribute with other Federal Government agencies and entities, as well as with the productive sector, in order to increase Mexico’s participation in the generation, acquisition and communication of knowledge, and to considerably increase the societies scientific and technologic culture, enjoying the benefits resulted from it.


  • The Special Program of Science and Technology was created as result of an intense process of national consultation, where scientists, technicians, businessmen, academics and governors contributed in the elaboration of this vital instrument for Mexico’s scientific and technologic development.


  • Mexico actively participates in the generation, acquisition and communication of knowledge, trying to reach 1% of the Gross Domestic Product in science and technology. 
  • The Mexicans scientific and technologic culture has considerably aroused, and a mayor amount of successful cases in research and technologic development have been achieved. 
  • The use of science and technology in productive processes has gradually contributed to the countries economic growth.


  •  Mexico will invest more than 2% of the Gross Domestic Product in research and development activities. 
  • Because of everyone’s effort, Mexican economy will be one of the 10 more important worldwide. 
  •  Mexico will be positioned as one of the 20 more developed countries in terms of science and technology.
Which are the strategic growth areas?

 The strategic areas to solve the most urgent problems in this country are:

  • Information technologies and communication, 
  • Biotechnology 
  • Advanced materials 
  • Manufacture design and processes
  • Urban and rural infrastructure and development, including its social and economic aspects.
Innovation in these areas will be oriented to attend the citizens with more needs. Special attention will also be give to women, physically handicap people, native groups and migrants.
Which are the legislative advances?

 With the Congress approval, since 2003 Mexico has a modern and up to date legal reference in order to impulse science and technology through:Ley de Ciencia y Tecnología.

  • Science and Technology Law. 
  • CONACYT Organic Law. 
  • Reform to the Rent Taxes Law, related to fiscal incentives. 
  • Scientific and Technologic Consultive Forum integrated by 17 prominent members of science, technology and academy communities. 
  • Committee for the integration of science and technology federal budget. 
  • General Council on Scientific Research and Technologic Development, leaded by the Executive’s titular. 
  • CONACYT as an entity that doesn’t depend on the Executive, with sectorial coordination functions, and administrator of part of the science and technology budget. 
  • National Conference of Science and Technology as entity that coordinates state councils and CONACYT, in order to impulse the decentralization of science and technology. 
  • Official publication, on September 1st 2004, of the decree to add the 9th article bis to the Science and Technology Law. 
  • Agreement of the National Treasury Commission to create de “39 Branch” (Ramo 39) and give resources t the States, in order to impulse scientific and technologic activities.
Which are the challenges?
Mexico’s challenge consists in structure an economic model which allows citizens the production of high value products from scientific and technologic knowledge. This will allow the country to change its actual situation, in which al high percentage of produced goods cost less than a dollar per kilogram.

Mexico needs a new development model to grow and compete worldwide.

Mexico needs a strong scientific-technologic system, in order to transform its productive sector into goods and services of higher added value.

Last Modification 14/04/2011 12:49 p.m.

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